Die Hauptquelle für die Steuer ist eine Gerichtsrede des Aischines gegen Timarchos, in der Aischines das Gericht davon zu überzeugen versucht, dass Timarchos sich in seiner Jugend prostituierte. Sohn des Atrometos, Nach einer Tätigkeit als Redenschreiber und Schauspieler berühmter Redner und seit 346 Gegner des Demosthenes. status) ; Fisher, N. -Aeschines Against Timarchos. ecl. 19) und den Kranzprozeß (Aeschin. Interpretationem recudit et notas partim variorum partim suas adjecit … Und er setzte für jeden von beiden gleiche Bußen fest, und daß für den zu seinem Alter gekommenen Knaben, der zur … or. Welturaufführung am Deutschen Theater Berlin … This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation Efter att som ung ha biträtt sin far vid undervisningen i en oansenlig skola ledd av denne, sökte han sig till teatern och uppträdde mot betalning som skådespelare, men efter en tid lämnade han teatern och började i stället som skrivare, först hos den ansedde statsmannen och … "Laws" (nomoi) were passed by a special board of "legislators" (nomothetai) and meant to demarcate areas of just and unjust conduct, and with "permanent and general application" (online Brill's New Pauly s.v. As for prostitition itself, while it was OK in classical Athens for non-citizens or slaves to be so employed, it was not OK for a citizen male: While the case has to do with conduct specifically dealt with by the dokimasia, there is related legislation mentioned in Aeschines' text to sketch out the moral-legal framework, for instance, laws to protect boys from predatory teachers, laws to protect freeborn boys from being prostituted, against "outrageous acts" against boys, and other measures (not the dokimasia) having to do with political disqualifications entailed by one's having been a prostitute. 2, Oberlieferung 343ff - Textgestaltung 345ff - Autor-schaft 350ff Aristoteles, Poetik, Begriff der gid-tot; und KaOapotc 279ff Asinius Pollio, Adressat von Verg. The procedure is an "examination as to fitness to participate in public life," the dokimasia rhetoron. Aeschine's speech Against Timarchus of 346 BCE is one of the most valuable sources we have about Athenian attitudes to homosexuality. Though much discussed in recent years, the speech has never received a proper commentary. Aischines gelang es in einer Gegenklage mit der Rede Gegen Timarchos (1), die Richter davon zu überzeugen, dass sich dieser in seiner Jugend prostituiert hatte. Drei Reden sind erhalten: Gegen Timarchos, Über die Truggesandtschaft, Gegen Ktesiphon.12 Briefe sind unecht. Our principal source for this procedure and the underlying ideologies is Aeschines' Against Timarchus. The case was brought about in 346/5, in response to Timarchus, along with Demosthenes, bringing a suit against Aeschines, accusing him of misconduct as an ambassador to Philip II of Macedon. Whatever those connections/relationships, they may offer a window into classical Athenian sexual ideology. Halperin, David M. "The Democratic Body: Prostitution and Citizenship in Classical Athens." Timo Weisschnur als Kampfpilot Lars Koch in "Terror" von Ferdinand von Schirach. Did they They were not paid, however. or. Cambridge, Mass., 1989. Aeschines' successful prosecution against Timarchos of 346/5 BC is our best evidence for Athenian laws and moral attitudes concerning homosexuality, and for Athenians' moral expectations of their politicians. Gegen die Datierung auf das Jahr Alpha des Attalos II. Or is it a cultural construction? Aeschines replied in a speech with the same title and was again acquitted. Das heißt, dass er vor allem den passiven Teil in Beziehungen spielte. Für den speziellen Fall der Homosexualität bin ich dem einmal nachgegangen und habe bei Aischines (Gegen Timarchos) über weibliche Homosexualität gefunden: nichts. Aeschines with an English translation by Charles Darwin Adams, Ph.D. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1919. The Annenberg CPB/Project provided support for entering this text. "Decrees" versus "laws." 63ff. Auch Aischines verleiht dem Ausdruck, wenn er die Lasterhaftigkeit des Timarchos als eine Folgekette schildert, die "zuerst von den eigenen körperlichen Gaben, dann denen der Vorfahren und schließlich von der Stadt selbst zehrten" (294). b to act as though bound Für die Verfahren gegen Timarchos (Aeschin. . Aischines konnte diesen ProzeB aber furs erste durch eine gegen Timarchos erhobene Gegenklage St LpCap g, wegen Prosti-tution, verhindern. To pimp (or "pander") for a free (i.e., non-slave) boy or woman. Print. Dass offenbar regelmäßige Überprüfungen der Anspruchsberechtigung durchgeführt wurden, erfahren wir aus einer Gerichtsrede (Aischines, Gegen Timarchos 104), wo berichtet wird, dass ein erblindeter alter Mann namens Arignotos seine Invalidenrente verlor, weil er bei einer solchen Überprüfung gefehlt hatte. frg. Against Timarchus (Greek: Κατὰ Τιμάρχου) was a speech by Aeschines accusing Timarchus of being unfit to involve himself in public life. This is the first commentary in any language on Aeschines' Against Timarchos, the prosecution speech in the politically crucial trial of 346/5BC.The case was that Timarchos was forbidden to hold public office and disenfranchised because he had engaged in improper homosexual relationships in the past and had … (Macedonia was a kingdom threatening Greek city-states to its south.) As a result, Timarchus suffered, The connection, if any (but the speech seems to suggest there must have been one) between classical Athenian, The relationship (if any!) 3 und Dem. The speech has spawned considerable bibliography and remains a conerstone of the study of (male) sexuality in classical Greece. 157). What is Timarchus' "sexuality" alleged to be — if we can He was appointed satrap of Media in western Iran when Antiochus IV Epiphanes became king in 175 BC, and his brother Heracleides became minister of … In addition to the procedure of dokimsia rhetoron, this speech involves other, Es steht ja nicht so, daß Homosexualität in allen Formen in Griechenland straffrei gewesen wäre; da kann man sich bei Aischines im Falle Athens eines … By way of revenge, Aeschines endeavoured … Perseus under Philologic. Clarendon Ancient History Series. Why does Aeschines even have to go into his own autobiography? Purchase a copy of this text … To hire out one's citizen son or legal ward for sex, or pay such a boy for sex. New York: Routledge, 1990. servio 3 : To put one's self at the service of, labour for (countries, individuals, etc.) Die von Aischines gegen Timarchos gehaltene Gerichtsrede 28 zeigt detailliert, wie schmal und zum Teil ebenfalls willkürlich die Grenzen zwischen Päderastie und Prostitution waren. The Annenberg CPB/Project provided support for entering this text. Pornikon telos (griechisch Πορνικὸν τέλος) war im antiken Athen eine Steuer, die von Prostituierten beiderlei Geschlechts für ihre Dienstleistung geleistet werden musste.. between each of the disqualifications described in the. Alexandre Mitchell untersucht die möglichen Hintergründe von grotesken, vormals von Ärzten als Fehlbildung fehlgedeuteten figürlichen Darstellungen aus der Zeit des Hellenismus (S. 182–196). / others' ideas on sexuality. or. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. … The Constraints of Desire: The Anthropology of Sex and Gender in Ancient Greece. University of Chicago. Aeschines: Against Timarchos Introduction, translation, and commentary by Nick Fisher. our society? 2 ed. Thus the Against Timarchus is a rich source for the connections between political and sexual (#4, above) ideology. ; zu Kritias s. Németh 2006, 25–39. psephi sma). 29 Im Folgenden soll somit detailliert überprüft werden, ob, und wenn ja wie zum einen der Vorwurf der Prostitution in dieser Quelle mit … One could, in other words, suffer a penalty if (a) one spoke at meetings of the assembly (the main political body), and (b) had ever done one or more of the following: Returing to the dokimasia, if found "guilty," i.e., if found to have addressed the assembly despite the above-listed disqualifications, the defendant would have suffered loss of citizen rights (atimia, "disfranchisement"), as in fact happened to Timarchus. disqualifying him from speaking in the assembly. Aischines föddes i Aten omkring år 390 f.Kr. [2] Along with the accusations of prostitution and squandering his inheritance for which Timarchus was on trial, the speech contains charges of "bribery, sycophancy, the buying of office, embezzlment, and perjury". clearly intended as a tactical move: an attempt by Aeschines to discredit political enemies, not just Timarchus, but Demosthenes, too. Biografi. ^ angef?hrten (? even think or speak in terms of sexuality in relation to this speech? Die von Aischines gegen Timarchos gehaltene Gerichtsrede 28 zeigt detailliert, wie schmal und zum Teil ebenfalls willkürlich die Grenzen zwischen Päderastie und Prostitution waren. very important concepts, also discussed on the terms The (rather large) jury would then vote. Why or why not? Pornikon telos (griechisch Πορνικὸν τέλος) war im antiken Athen eine Steuer, die von Prostituierten beiderlei Geschlechts für ihre Dienstleistung geleistet werden musste.. or. constructionism", Speaker-writer-prosecutor: Aeschines son of Atrometus, 390/89-314 BCE, Athenian statesman and former actor, Defendant: one Timarchus son of Arizelus, evidently, an Athenian of some prominence, Outcome: Aeschines won. Aeschines' powerful speeches include Against Timarchus, On the False Embassy, and Against Ctesiphon. Note that in ancient Athenian court trials, procedure consisted mostly of speeches delivered by plaintiff, defendant, and, at times, their supporters. Relevante Textzeugen sind Lysias 24; Aeschines , Gegen Timarchos (1,103–4), [Aristoteles], Ath. Print. [7] Aeschines won the case and Timarchus was punished by disenfranchisement. 19) und den Kranzprozeß (Aeschin. in public life," the dokimasia rhetoron. Definiții, conjugări, declinări, paradigme pentru Timochi din dicționarele: Onomastic See OLD s.v. 18) ist die Quellenlage außerordentlich gut. 2, Dem. 88-112. The present speech was delivered in 345 BCE at Athens. The nine archonships, officially, the surpreme offices of the state. Why or why not? Aeschines. subordinate one's actions (to any interest, demand etc.). Edidit Fridericus Blass. Er behauptete, Timarchos sei infolge von in der Jugend begangener Prostitution nicht prozeBfahig, mithin eine von ihm miteingebrachte Klage unwirksam. Timarchus? In 339 BC, as one of the Athenian deputies (pylagorae) in the Amphictyonic Council, he made a speech which brought about the Fourth Sacred War. Es steht ja nicht so, daß Homosexualität in allen Formen in Griechenland straffrei gewesen wäre; da kann man sich bei Aischines im Falle Athens eines Besseren belehren lassen. [3], Modern scholars have criticised the lack of evidence that Aeschines put forward in Against Timarchus,[4] for instance by pointing out that he has no evidence that any of Timarchus' lovers ever paid him. 4 : to act in subservience. What sort of evidence does this speech provide for ideologies of gender and/or sexuality in classical Athens? the defendant, Timarchus, has in the past engaged in a practice, self-prostitution, Oxford 2001 : 45. or. 7 October (2013). Für den speziellen Fall der Homosexualität bin ich dem einmal nachgegangen und habe bei Aischines (Gegen Timarchos) über weibliche Homosexualität gefunden: nichts. Diese Rede enthält sehr interessante Informationen über die Halbwelt des alten Athen. Aeschines Rede gegen Timarchos : Griechisch und Deutsch: Aeschinis socratici Dialogi tres graece et latine : ad quos accessit quarti latinum fragmentum: Against Timarchos: Aischinou ho kata Ktēsiphōntos kai Dēmosthenous ho peri stephanou logos. [5] Indeed, Hubbard observes that he does not even manage to produce a single witness who will testify that Timarchus had any sexual relationship with the men in question at all,[6] though in his speeches Aeschines says that Timarchus' affairs were well known to the jury. The political background or. Aeschines alleges that the defendant, Timarchus, has in the past engaged in a practice, self-prostitution, disqualifying him from speaking in the assembly. A Greek nobleman, possibly from Miletus in Asia Minor, Timarchus was a friend of the Seleucid prince Antiochus IV Epiphanes during his time as a hostage to the Roman Republic. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. zitiert habe, "etwa wie Aischines solche gegen Timarchos citiert", d.h. die oben zu auTy Ty Tip?pxy ? Timo Dersch works as journalist, editor, and underwater photographer. Für die Verfahren gegen Timarchos (Aeschin. As regards the sexual side, what the dokimasia addressed was not being or having been a prostitute; it was being a prostitute or former prostitute yet still exercising full male-citizen rights. – Als weiteres Beispiel sei verwiesen auf ein Fragment aus Hypereides’ Rede Gegen Autokles aus der Zeit um 360 (Hyp. or. Politeia 49,4. Bekker, Immanuel. This webpage is his portofolio focusing on scuba diving, and related outdoors destinations projects. 18) ist die Quellenlage außerordentlich gut. [8], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Against_Timarchus&oldid=948554729, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 April 2020, at 17:53. Aeschines, a member of the pro-Macedonian faction at Athens, faced prosecution by a team of anti-Macedonians including the statesman and orator Demosthenes. The procedure is an "examination as to fitness to participate Page 37 - Unkeuschheit zu, wohl aber gegen den, der ihn verdungen hat und den, 4» der sich ihn gedungen hat, gegen den einen, weil er ihn verdungen, und gegen den andern, weil er, so sagt er, sich ihn gedungen hat. Aeschines' successful prosecution against Timarchos of 346/5 BC is our best evidence for Athenian laws and moral attitudes concerning homosexuality, and for Athenians' moral expectations of their politicians. or. Dass offenbar regelmäßige Überprüfungen der Anspruchsberechtigung durchgeführt wurden, erfahren wir aus einer Gerichtsrede (Aischines, Gegen Timarchos 104), wo berichtet wird, dass ein erblindeter alter Mann namens Arignotos seine Invalidenrente verlor, weil er bei einer solchen Überprüfung gefehlt hatte. or. Timarchos wird vorgeworfen, sich in jungen Jahren prostituiert zu haben. Would you agree/disagree with the notion that there is a connection between sexual, financial, and political patterns of behavior, as Aeschines (author of the speech) would seem to want us to think? Die erste Rede des Aischines ist ein besonders wichtiges Dokument zur gleichgeschlechtlichen Liebe unter Männern. Failed to do one's duty in military service. Page 37 - Unkeuschheit zu, wohl aber gegen den, der ihn verdungen hat und den, 4» der sich ihn gedungen hat, gegen den einen, weil er ihn verdungen, und gegen den andern, weil er, so sagt er, sich ihn gedungen hat. [Aischines; Gustav Eduard Benseler] Timbo vom Kirschental, was a herding dog, certified Therapy Dog. Aeschines Rede gegen Timarchos : Griechisch und Deutsch. Aeschines alleges that Against Timarchus. Senate. Unlike Plato, whose views were highly distinctive and not necessarily shared by his fellow Athenians, Aeschines was appealing directly to the members of an Athenian jury, and so it … Aeschines lost that case and left public life. Aeschines accuses Timarchus of two of these forbidden acts: prostituting himself, and wasting his inheritance. 2, Dem. 1), mehr noch durch die erhaltenen Reden und Gegenreden für den Gesandtschaftsprozeß (Aeschin. Judging by this speech, did classical Athenians regard it as perfectly Anthologia Latina Sh. is not of great interest to us except insofar as the speech is ς, 389-314 v.Chr. Except that they involved election by lottery and little or no power. Would conduct like that have come across as "gay" in Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from Amazon.com Die Hauptquelle für die Steuer ist eine Gerichtsrede des Aischines gegen Timarchos, in der Aischines das Gericht davon zu überzeugen versucht, dass Timarchos … 8? [1] The speech provides evidence of a number of actions which, according to Aeschines, would cause a citizen to lose the right of addressing the Assembly. Aeschines Rede gegen Ktesiphon by Aeschines ( Book ) 1 edition published in 1878 in Greek, Ancient and held by … Auf dem Weg zur demokratischen Bürgergemeinde ..... Jh. Die Scholien zu des Aeschines Reden gegen den Timarchos und über die Gesandtschaft, berichtigt und vervollständigt Ihr Browser zeigt an, ob sie diesen Verweis schon einmal besucht haben. auch Fisher 2001, 319f. Aeschines Rede gegen Timarchos : Griechisch und Deutsch: Aeschinis socratici Dialogi tres graece et latine : ad quos accessit quarti latinum fragmentum: Against Timarchos: Aischinou ho kata Ktēsiphōntos kai Dēmosthenous ho peri stephanou logos. Because a law-court speech, one intended to persuade a jury representing a cross-section of Athenians, Aeschines' Against Timarchus is generally regarded as evidence for classical Athenian attitudes to matters it treats. focus disapproval on the. What is problematic about conduct or patterns associated with Majority vote decided the verdict. Aischines, Rede gegen Timarchos, Datierung 383ff Alexandria, Grundungslegende 291ff. ... was fehlt.27 So gesehen zielen die Bemerkungen des Aristoteles darauf, die Frage nach der .... Aischines berichtet, dass Timarchos … Aischines gelang es in einer Gegenklage mit der Rede Gegen Timarchos (1), die Richter davon zu überzeugen, dass sich dieser in seiner Jugend prostituiert hatte. Athen, Wiederherstellung der Demokratie … Dicționar dexonline. sowie Hansen 1995, 28f. B. Does that apply to our times as much as to any other time or place? Later, Aeschines would try another supporter of Demosthenes. b to devote oneself (to an occupation). The dokimasia rhetoron, in Greek, "scrutiny of public speakers," was a legal process (a jury trial) in classical-democratic Athens, whereby a citizen's fitness to address the assembly could be challenged. 3 und Dem. (unter der Herrschaft des Attalos III. Note that in your text, laws, depositions, and similar, indicated by squre brackets, are later additions; they were not part of Aeschines' published text of the speech. The prosecution of Timarchus therefore stands as a preemptive attack against opponents. Aeschines Rede gegen Timarchos : Griechisch und Deutsch Antiphontis orationes et fragmenta, adjunctis Gorgiae, Autisthenis, Alcidamantis quae feruntur declamationes. Scholarly work on this speech and related matters includes: Dover, K. J. Greek Homosexuality. Aeschines. Just FYI, Demosthenes eventually did try Aeschines for treason. So this forms part of a jury trial, with prosecutor (Aeschines) and defendent (Timarchus — but it seems that Demosthenes spoke in Timarchus' behalf… war es ja das Ziel seit Kleisthenes, jede Form ..... gegen Beamte Klage zu führen.133 Schon für Aischines (1, 4-5) war dieser. 1), mehr noch durch die erhaltenen Reden und Gegenreden für den Gesandtschaftsprozeß (Aeschin. Contrast the modern court trial: motions, presentation of evidence, examination of witnesses, minimal speechifying. Zuletzt wird auch Demosthenes als Verführer junger Männer … 45-70. http://perseus.uchicago.edu/perseus-cgi/citequery3.pl?dbname=GreekFeb2011&getid=1&query=Aeschin.%201, "functional He had an outstanding temperament, and absolutely loved everyone. "Laying Down the Law: The Oversight of Men's Sexual Behavior in Classical Athens." page: Note the general structure of the speech: exploration of the legal-moral dimension; a detailed and lurid account of Timarchus' supposedly infamous behavior; thorough exploration of the political and pederastic implications of it all, including a look at poetry and mythology; some pertinent autobiography from the speaker; arguments and counter arguments. Elective offices. Aeschines won acquittal, though just barely. Winkler, John J. unproblematic for men to pursue boys and have sex with them? A Clarendon Press Publication. Vlber die von … That's the translators way of rendering what we usually call the "Council of 500" (boulē), a democratic body (membership representative but election was by lottery — basically, random). New York and London: Routledge, 1990. Aeschines. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality And Other Essays on Greek Love. Buy Access; Help; About; Contact Us; Cookies; Encyclopedias | Text editions Does this speech tend to confirm or challenge Foucault's / Halperin's The case was brought about in 346/5, in response to Timarchus, along with Demosthenes, bringing a suit against Aeschines, accusing him of misconduct as an ambassador to Philip II of Macedon. Better known as the "Areopagus Council," a highly repsected body consisting of former holders of high office. Aeschines praises the lawgiver who did not allow the crowning of a magistrate unless he has submitted an account of his activity and of the financial dealings involved. Offices like generalships, they involved important decision-making functions. The text of a statute can be presented to contrast the illegality of a proposed decree just as Aeschines did in 3 (Against Ktesiphon) 32-35, to … Senate of the Areopagus. It had judicial functions but almost no political ones. Non-elective offices. Against Timarchus (Greek: Κατὰ Τιμάρχου) was a speech by Aeschines accusing Timarchus of being unfit to involve himself in public life. (See especially dokimasia rhetoron, below.) Get this from a library! "Decrees" (psēphismata) at this time (345 BCE) were assembly resolutions often of limited scope or for a specific issue. or. 72 H.Wankel Dativ, von dem noch ein Dativ der Beziehung abh?ngt) in dem oben wieder empfohlenen Textvorschlag Frankes eine erw?nschte Parallele. Aeschines with an English translation by Charles Darwin Adams, Ph.D. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1919. 1997, 563 und … What about the speaker? To enter public life after having hired himself out for sex. Is an active pederast like Aeschines gay by wurde nie ein pisidischer Krieg geführt, Hopp (1977), S. 70–74), das Kersley in der Ehrung für Sotas und dem dazugehörigen Königsbrief in Olbasa entziffert hat, haben jedoch unabhängig voneinander Gauthier Bull. This is the first commentary in any language on Aeschines' Against Timarchos, the prosecution speech in the politically crucial trial of 346/5BC.The case was that Timarchos was forbidden to hold public office and disenfranchised because he had engaged in improper homosexual relationships in the past and had wasted his inheritance on debauchery. Diese Rede enthält sehr interessante Informationen über die Halbwelt des alten Athen. So this forms part of a jury trial, with prosecutor (Aeschines) and defendent (Timarchus — but it seems that Demosthenes spoke in Timarchus' behalf) delivering one (lengthy) speech each. Zu Aischines’ Klage gegen Timarchos s. Harris 1995, 101–106; zur zitierten Textstelle vgl. modern standards?